For the structural integrity of your house, a properly installed drainage system is required.
If it is not accurately installed then you will have to face several issues like foundation cracks, standing water in the yard, and mold growth.
Insurance companies do not cover the loss caused by poor drainage. So you have to be very careful about the drainage system.
In this article, you will learn about the installation of drainage system and many other factors related to it. No doubt you can do the task by yourself if you follow this guide.
But it can be a tricky task that needs more effort and expertise.
So be sure to accept the challenge before starting the procedure. Otherwise, hire a professional for the purpose. Let’s dive deep into the article.
Installing a Drainage System in Your Yard
If you always notice water in your yard and the grass is always soggy, you must install a drainage system.
You can do it by yourself if you have the right tools. The method is discussed in the coming sections.
How to Install a Surface Drain?
Installing a surface drain is slightly different from installing a French drain because a French drain is used for water seeping down, and surface drains are used to gather above-ground water.
You can do it as follows.
- Dig the holes 3 feet far from the area where you can see water.
- Make a slope towards the holes from the wet spot.
- Install drain pipes in the lines and then cover them with gravel
- Cover the gravel with soil.
- Plant grass on the soil.
How to Install French Drain Around House?
Installing a French drain around your house consists of the following steps.
- Dig the trench around the house.
- Lay landscape fabric in the trench and be sure it exceeds from the sides of the trench. It will help to cover the drain pipes.
- Now add gravel about 3 inches on the fabric in the trench.
- Put drain pipes in the trench by keeping the facing of holes down.
- Pour gravel on the pipes and then fold the fabric onto it. In the end, pour soil on the trench and then plant grass on it.
How to Install Lawn Drainage System?
You need to install a drainage system in your yard to take the water to the right place so that it can never damage the base of your house.
- Identify the location where the water in your yard stays long.
- Dig holes at the 3 feet distance of the wet places in-laws. It should be 3 inches deep and 1 inch wider.
- Scoop the grass from the wet areas and make a line towards holes.
- Make slope towards the drainage holes so water can travel easily and cover the trenches with gravel.
- Lay perforated pipes in the lines and then cover them with gravel about two inches.
How Deep to Put Drainage Pipes?
A proper drainage system is critical to maintaining the foundation of the house.
Normally the depth of the drainage pipes can be from 12 inches up to 18 inches. But it can change if the downward slope does not perfect at this position.
Installing Drainage Pipe around House
The water can reach your basement from outside.
So you have to make a drainage system around your house that can prevent any damages to your house foundation.
It can be done by following.
- First of all, dig the ditch around the house. It should be few inches deep from the footer.
- Lay down filter fabric in the trench and then cover it with crushed stones. It should be a layer of 4 inches.
- Lay down perforated pipe around the foundation. Connect the ends of the pipes at each corner with a PVC tee.
- Cover the pipe with crushed stones and pull the excessive filter fabric on it.
- Cover the filter fabric with gravel and plant the shrubs on it.
How to Install Corrugated Drain Pipe?
The corrugated drain pipes are used for the linkage of wastewater sections. It can be of steel and plastic.
Its installation has few steps:
- Take a jackhammer and cut the concrete floor in the basement until you reach the footer.
- Remove the concrete from the surface and use shovel gravel to make a one-inch layer with it.
- Lay down the corrugated drain pipe on the layer.
- Link the pipe with the connection quarry and a sump pump to take water far from the basement.
- Now add concrete to the ditch but be sure to leave a gap of 2 inches around the edges.
Installing Drain Tile
Drain tile is a very good idea if you have water close to your basement. The drain tile can take this water to the right place.
Installing a drain tile consists of the following steps.
- First of all, dig the footer. It can be a difficult task. That is why it is recommended to install drain tile at the time of installation of the footer. Dig 5 to 6 inches deep than the footer.
- Place drain tile of 4 inches next to the footer and fix it using sealant to ensure no leaks.
- Cover the drain tile with round washed gravel minimum at 3 feet. So there will be no way for water leaks.
- Cover the gravel with roofing felt to make sure the water does not found another way.
- Use sump pump for water outlet.
Types of Drainage Systems for Houses
A drainage system is required for every residential spot. It can be of the following types.
- Surface Drainage System: in this system, there is a need to dig ditches parallel. These ditches are deep and work like canals for the flow of water.
- Subsurface Drainage System: it is known as a French drain system. It is built under the top layer of soil and removes excessive water that can damage the root. It requires deep ditches and pipes with a large drain to collect water. In this type of drainage system, a sump pump is also used.
- Slop Drainage System: uses pipes installed on the slope to take the water away from foundations. The pipe can be cover with a grill for protection, and you can use any pipe.
- Downspout and Gutter System: the downspout of a building is linked with a gutter to take the water away. The pipe can be of any shape and material. It can save the base from water damage.
A drainage system is considered the basic necessity of a home. It ensures that the false materials properly get rid of.
Therefore, proper attention is taken by the homeowners to ensure proper installation of drainage system.
On the contrary, if the drainage systems are ineffective, many issues arise like cracks in foundations, water leaks, foul smell spreading throughout the house, etc.